International tourism showed solid recovery in the first seven months of 2022, with arrivals reaching 57 percent of pre-pandemic levels, said the UN World Tourism Organization (UNWTO).
According to the latest UNWTO World Tourism Barometer, international tourist arrivals almost tripled in January to July 2022 (+172 percent) compared to the same period of 2021. The steady recovery reflects strong pent-up demand for international travel as well as the easing or lifting of travel restrictions to date (86 countries had no COVID-19 related restrictions as of 19 September 2022), said the organisation.
UNWTO Secretary-General Zurab Pololikashvili said: “Tourism continues to recover steadily, yet several challenges remain, from geopolitical to economic. The sector is bringing back hope and opportunity for people everywhere. Now is also the time to rethink tourism, where it is going and how it impacts people and planet.”
An estimated 474 million tourists travelled internationally over the period, compared to 175 million in the same months in 2021. An estimated 207 million international arrivals were recorded in June and July 2022 combined, over twice the numbers seen in the same two months last year. These months represent 44 percent of the total arrivals recorded in the first seven months of 2022. Europe welcomed 309 million of these arrivals, accounting for 65 percent of the total.
Europe and the Middle East showed the fastest recovery in January-July 2022, with arrivals reaching 74 percent and 76 percent of 2019 levels respectively. Europe welcomed almost three times as many international arrivals as in the first seven months of 2021 (+190 percent), with results boosted by strong intra-regional demand and travel from the USA.
The region saw particularly robust performance in June (-21 percent over 2019) and July (-16 percent), reflecting a busy summer period. Arrivals climbed to about 85 percent of 2019 levels in July. The lifting of travel restrictions in a large number of destinations also fuelled these results (44 countries in Europe had no COVID-19 related restrictions as of 19 September 2022).
The Middle East saw international arrivals grow almost four times year-on-year in January-July 2022 (+287 percent). Arrivals exceeded pre-pandemic levels in July (+3 percent), boosted by “extraordinary results” posted by Saudi Arabia (+121 percent) following the Hajj pilgrimage.
The Americas (+103 percent) and Africa (+171 percent) also recorded strong growth in January-July 2022 compared to 2021, reaching 65 percent and 60 percent of 2019 levels respectively. Asia and the Pacific (+165 percent) saw arrivals more than double in the first seven months of 2022, though they remained 86 percent below 2019 levels, as some borders remained closed to non-essential travel.
Key sub-regions and destinations
Several sub-regions reached 70 percent to 85 percent of their pre-pandemic arrivals in January-July 2022. Southern Mediterranean Europe (-15 percent over 2019), the Caribbean (-18 percent) and Central America (-20 percent) showed the fastest recovery towards 2019 levels. Western Europe (-26 percent) and Northern Europe (-27 percent) also posted strong results. In July arrivals came close to pre-pandemic levels in the Caribbean (-5 percent), Southern and Mediterranean Europe (-6 percent) and Central America (-8 percent).
Among destinations reporting data on international arrivals in the first five to seven months of 2022, those exceeding pre-pandemic levels were: the US Virgin Islands (+32 percent over 2019), Albania (+19 percent), Saint Maarten (+15 percent), Ethiopia and Honduras (both +13 percent), Andorra (+10 percent), Puerto Rico (+7 percent, United Arab Emirates and Dominican Republic (both +3 percent), San Marino and El Salvador (both +1 percent) and Curaçao (flat).
Among destinations reporting data on international tourism receipts in the first five to seven months of 2022, Serbia (+73 percent), Sudan (+64 percent), Romania (+43 percent), Albania (+32 percent), North Macedonia (+24 percent), Pakistan (+18 percent), Türkiye, Bangladesh and Latvia (all +12 percent), Mexico and Portugal (both +8 percent), Kenya (+5 percent) and Colombia (+2 percent) all exceeded pre-pandemic levels in January-July 2022.
The recovery can also be seen in outbound tourism spending from major source markets. Expenditure from France climbed to -12 percent in January-July 2022 compared to 2019 while spending from Germany rose to -14 percent. International tourism spending stood at -23 percent in Italy and -26 percent in the USA.
Robust performance was also recorded in international passenger air traffic, with a +234 percent increase in January-July 2022 (-45 percent below 2019 levels) and a recovery of some 70 percent of pre-pandemic traffic levels in July, according to IATA.
Stronger-than-expected demand has also created important operational and workforce challenges in tourism companies and infrastructure, particularly airports, noted UNWTO. Additionally, the economic situation, exacerbated by the aggression of the Russian Federation against Ukraine, represents “a major downside risk”.
The combination of increasing interest rates in all major economies, rising energy and food prices and the growing prospects of a global recession as indicated by the World Bank, are major threats to the recovery of international tourism through the remainder of 2022 and 2023, it added.
The potential slowdown can be seen in the latest UNWTO Confidence Index, which reflects a more cautious outlook, as well as in booking trends which are showings signs of slower growth.
On a scale of 0 to 200, the UNWTO Panel of Tourism Experts rated the period May-August 2022 with a score of 125, matching the bullish expectations expressed by the Panel in the May survey for the same 4-month period (124).
Prospects for the remainder of the year are cautiously optimistic. Although above-average performance is expected, tourism experts rated the period September-December 2022 with a score of 111, below the 125 score of the previous four months, showing a downgrade in confidence levels. Almost half of experts (47 percent) see positive prospects for the period September-December 2022, while 24 percent expect no particular change and 28 percent consider it could be worse. Experts also seem confident about 2023, as 65 percent see better tourism performance than in 2022.
The uncertain economic environment seems to have reversed prospects for a return to pre-pandemic levels in the near term. Some 61 percent of experts now see a potential return of international arrivals to 2019 levels in 2024 or later while those indicating a return to pre-pandemic levels in 2023 has diminished (27 percent) compared to the May survey (48 percent).
According to experts, the economic environment continues to be the main factor weighing on the recovery of international tourism. Rising inflation and the spike in oil prices results in higher transport and accommodation costs, while putting consumer purchasing power and savings under pressure.
(Source: Moodie Davitt Report)